Irregular Verbs

What is an irregular verb? 

Irregular verb is the verb that does not follow the standard ending of -ed or -ied when forming the Past or the Past Participle.

Example Verb: Go

Go is an irregular verb and one of the most common in the English language. In the Past form it transforms to went and in the Past Participle to Gone.

Go – Went – Gone

Go – The first word is the infinitive or the bare form of the verb

Went – The second word is the past form of the verb

Gone – The third is the past participle of the verb

Categories

There are four different categories of Irregular verbs.

  • Those that do not change and keep the infinitive form of the verb when expressed in the Past and Past Participle. (AAA)

For instance: 

Cost

Cost

Cost

 

 

 

 

Cut

Cut

Cut

Let

Let

Let

Put

Put

Put

Read

*Read

*Read

*pronounced /red/

Hit

Hit

Hit

 

Hurt

Hurt

Hurt

  • With only one change in the Past form of the verb, and keeps the infinitive form in the Past Participle. (ABA)

Examples:

Become

Became

Become

Come

Came

Come

Run

Ran

Run

  • The Past form and Past Participle change and have the same form. (ABB)

For example:

Build

Built

Built

Have

Had

Had

Find

Found

Found

Think

Thought

Thought

Make

Made

Made

Get

Got

Got*

* The Past Participle of Get in British English is Got, in American English is Gotten.

  • And last, but not least, everything changes. (ABC)

For example:

Do

Did

Done

Go

Went

Gone

Fly

Flew

Flown

Most Common Irregular Verbs

Infinitive

Past Form

Past Participle

Go

Went

Gone

Be

Was/Were

Been

Get

Got

Got/Gotten

Say

Said

Said

See

Saw

Seen

Think

Thought

Thought

Make

Made

Made

Take

Took

Taken

Come

Came

Come

Know

Knew

Known

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