What is a lesson plan?
A lesson plan is created so that the teacher can have a clear view of the lesson. How to conduct it, what the goals are and how to achieve them. To create a lesson plan successfully might look daunting at times. Once you have made a couple of plans though and have gained experience you will see that it will become easier and faster to create.
How to make a Lesson Plan
If you don’t know what to include in your lesson plan, don’t panic! Take in account the following to create a lesson paln:
Ask yourself. Who am I teaching? What do my students already know?
Don’t make any assumptions. Even though your students might have a basic understanding of the targeted language, that doesn’t mean you shouldn’t practice it. Adapt different teaching styles (visual, auditory, tactile or a combination) according to the level and understanding they have. Try to create a lesson plan including all learning styles through individual or group exercises.
- Set teaching objectives/Lesson aims
A teaching objective is a statement which gives a clear description of what students will be able to do upon completing the course. The statement should be simple and to the point. It is up to the teacher to help students understand how to use everything they will learn and put it in practice.
- Objective of the lesson
What are the main topics or ideas to be covered during the lesson. Keep it simple and it will assist you on building your lesson plan.
Plan accordingly. The syllabus you might want to cover might be to much for the time you have. An unfinished course might cause a feeling of incompletion to you and your students.
The lesson plan is your guide to ensure the learning goals you’ve set for your students are met in the time allowed.
Try to break down your lesson plan into sections. This allows you to move your lesson slower or faster , depending on the time remaining. Keep in mind that learning is dynamic. Encourage your students to participate, share ideas and make questions during the lesson.
You can use the lesson plan template provided.
Lesson Plan Template
Lesson Plan Explanation
- Name of the lesson. What the lesson is about .
- Lesson type: Which skill are you going to teach? Reading, Grammar, Listening, etc.
- Grade level: Which level are you teaching? A1 Beginner, A2, Elementary, etc
- Length of lesson: How much time do you have? Usually a lesson takes 45 – 60 minutes.
- Lesson Aims: Statements of what students will be able to do at the end of this course. e.g. Be able to form basic sentences using the First conditional
- Objectives: Main topics or ideas covered during the lesson
- Anticipated problems: What kind of difficulties will your students encounter? For instance, when teaching the Past Simple, most students form the interrogative using the past tense of the verb while they should use the infinitive form.
- Assumed knowledge: Like we said before, it would be best not to make assumptions on what your students know. So, here you should write what students are supposed to know and make sure you take some time to check and remind them this knowledge.
- Stage: Which steps you will follow to execute this lesson. Stages are: Lead-In, Elicitation, Presentation, etc More about Stages of a lesson plan here.
- Work Form: How are the students going to work an activity. In groups, individual work or the whole classroom
- Activity: What students will do
- Material: What kind of material will you use for each stage and activity.
At the top corner of the document you will see a small box with the letters No. This is the number you will assign to your lesson plan. As you can see both pages have this box, in case you print the template in two separate pages and not front and back.
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Common reference levels The Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR) categorize learners into three groups that can be split into six levels. Each level describes